Studia Quaternaria
Volume 24 (2007)


Sexual reproduction of chydorids (Anomopoda, Chydoridae) as indicator of climate in recent sediments of Lake Aitajärvi, northern Finnish Lapland.

 Kaarina Sarmaja-Korjonen

Department of Geology, P.O. Box 64, FIN-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland, E-mail: kaarina.sarmaja-korjonen@helsinki.fi


 The present work is a part of the development of a method which uses the relative proportions of asexually and sexually reproducing chydorid females to reconstruct the length of the open-water season. Surface sediments (5 cm) of Lake Aitajärvi, northern Finnish Lapland, were examined for modern and recent proportions of chydorid cladoceran ephippia in subarctic climate near the pine limit. The total chydorid ephippium proportions (TCE) were steadily 9.5-9.7 % in the Aitajärvi sediment but declined to 8.4 % in the uppermost sample. The result was compared with the surface sediment TCE from four lakes in southern Finland where it varied between 3-6%. It was also compared with the TCE from two lakes in northernmost Finnish Lapland above the treeline in very severe climate, where it was 26-30 %. These very high values suggest that there might be a threshold in climate conditions between Aitajärvi and the two northernmost lakes that alters the reproduction of chydorids towards an even more important role of sexual reproduction.


Editor-in-Chief: Tomasz Goslar
Co-Editors: Małgorzata Latałowa
Wojciech Stankowski
Krystyna Szeroczyńska
Mariusz Lamentowicz